Signs of Gestational Diabetes
Signs of gestational diabetes? Most women do not have signs or symptoms and when they do appear, they may consist of frequent urination and excessive thirst. Of course with increased thirst, it follows that there will be increased output manifested in excessive urination.
Although increased urination is a common complaint for pregnant women, the extreme type will show some problem. There are other signs of gestational diabetes as well. They are excessive weight gain and a blurry vision.
Since sometimes there are no signs of gestational diabetes, if one feels she has it, she should get herself tested to protect both the maternal and baby's health. Those who are especially at risk should make sure they are tested. Here are the risks:
- over 25 years old
- developed this condition in previous pregnancy
- someone in the family has gestational diabetes
- race is Black American, Hispanic or American Indian
- delivered a baby who is more than 9 pounds in weight
- history of unexplained stillbirth
To test for this condition, most physicians will suggest a glucose challenge test between the 24 and 28 weeks. Why? This is because the state is hard to identify before this stage. But if one and her doctor think there is a high risk from the list above, then the test may have to be done sooner. This is crucial as high blood glucose may harm both mother and baby.
How is this condition treated with or without signs of gestational diabetes? The most important thing to remember is that controlling the blood glucose level is key to keep the baby healthy and avoid complications. So one has to do self monitoring of the blood glucose level to be absolutely certain that it is within the normal target.
Most will be able to get through by eating a healthy diet and doing regular exercise. Others may need some insulin. Those who do may need to change their dose as the pregnancy progresses. Why? This is because over time, the hormones of pregnancy increase and this creates more resistant to insulin.
To stress the importance of blood glucose control, it is good to be reminded at this point of the possible complications. Recent studies have shown that those with or without signs of gestational diabetes who keep their blood glucose under control have lower childbirth problems than those who are only under routine care with fewer monitoring. Here are the possible complications:
- Hypoglycemia - Babies develop low blood sugar right after birth because they have been getting large quantity from their mothers so their production of insulin is high. This can be easily treated though.
- Respiratory Distress - Babies born prematurely may develop this syndrome and will have difficulty breathing.
- Death or Stillbirth - There is an increased rate of this happening to babies if their mothers' diabetes is not detected.
- Macrosomia - Babies may grow too large because of the extra glucose they're receiving.
- Jaundice - This is the yellowish discoloration of the skin which has to be monitored but can easily be treated.
- Shoulder dystocia - The large baby may be unable to navigate through the birth canal which could threaten life but doctors have the skill to free the baby.
- Preeclampsia - This condition shows a high increase in blood pressure that if it is not corrected could have deadly complications to both mother and child.
- C-section - This may become an option if the baby becomes too large.
After one has given birth, get the blood glucose level checked often and then once a year afterwards. The good news is that women with or without signs of gestational diabetes but who developed the condition have the same chance of delivering a healthy baby, if they control their blood glucose level, as their counterpart who do not have diabetes.
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