Diabetes Nursing Care Plan

Any diabetes nursing care plan should consider four key elements. The first is discussion on different features of the diabetes with the health care team. Good diabetes management is vital and blood glucose testing is essential. Then don't smoke for if you have this condition, a vascular surgeon commented that one can either have his cigarette or his legs, but can't have both.

So that the diabetes nursing care plan will not be necessary, the diabetics have to take charge and to control the condition and work with anyone to secure the best treatment in order to minimize the effects. Know as much as possible about this for knowledge stands for power and strength.

The more one knows about this condition, the better will he be able to cope with it everyday. That is why the diabetics who are in control maintain themselves and contribute to the society. They don't become a burden to the health care system and certainly will not need a diabetes nursing care plan.

How about those who do not control their condition? They become dependent and they slowly get worse. They gradually give way to the effects of diabetes: heart attack, kidney failure, blindness, bladder and circulatory problems, unbearable fatigue and on and on and therefore will require a good diabetes nursing care plan.

I don't want you to think that all these are just warnings and a forecast of loss and misery. Rather, I just want to challenge you and be inspired to take action for diabetes is menacing and can sneak up on you. It will give you some freedom at first and then wham, the complications arrive. But not, if you open your mind and take action.

So, what does one have to do when illness comes knocking on the door? This makes the body work harder and therefore can raise the blood sugar levels. Follow the guidelines and the doctor's instructions. If you don't have these, ask the doctor before you get sick. A good diabetes nursing care plan will address the three issues of the three m's: meals, medication and monitoring.


Try to stay on the regular meal plan but in addition, drink lots of fluids like 1/2 cup of soda, water and calorie-free broth every hour you are not asleep. If not able to eat regular meals, the fluids above should hold 10 g of carbohydrates so replace the calorie-free to regular soda, orange juice or apple juice.

Now what does a good diabetes nursing care plan have to say about medication? Stick to your regular schedule of insulin injection. Since you may have to increase the dosage, consult with the doctor ahead of time, how much increase you need and when to make the change. Check your glucose level before making the change to avoid low blood sugar reaction.

If you're taking oral hypoglycemic pills, stay on it. Even with a change of food intake, do not stop taking the medication. Mind you, there are medications that have unfavorable effects on the blood sugar. Consult with your doctor about this.

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Regarding monitoring the glucose levels, do so every four hours. Test the urine for ketones. The next section will show you how to do this. Report all vomiting episodes before getting dehydrated. If the doctor is not available, go the hospital emergency room to get treatment and advice.

There may appear gastronomical symptoms that may lead to nausea, vomiting, change in bowel routine, loss of appetite and dehydration. This might make one change the insulin intake because of hypoglycemia fear but it is vital not to make the change in this and other medications without the advice of the doctor. Why? The sickness may be the one causing the stress that leads to raised blood glucose level.

The diabetes nursing care plan should include advice on taking enough food containing carbohydrate to look after nutrition and counteract the likelihood of hypoglycemic reaction. The following can replace each serving of milk, fruit or starch while one is sick:

  • 1 cup of plain yogurt or 1/2 cup of ice cream
  • 1 slice of bread or 1/2 cup of cereal
  • 3/4 cup of regular soda or 1/3 cup of regular jello
  • 1/2 cup of eggnog or 1 cup of clear soup
  • 2 teaspoons of honey or 2 1/2 teaspoons of sugar in liquid
  • 1/3 cup of fruit juice like apple juice or 1/3 cup of cranberry juice
  • 1/3 cup of tapioca or 6 saltine crackers

You see, you can still control the diabetes while sick. Just follow these simple rules and consult your doctor. Just remember to keep an open mind and employ good common sense to get over this condition. We can continue with the good maintenance and eventually beat diabetes.

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