Juvenile Diabetes Signs and Symptoms in School

Juvenile diabetes signs and symptoms are frequent urination for the most part at night, blurred vision, increased thirst and hunger, fatigue, lethargy and unexplained weight loss despite increased appetite. Also known as Type 1, the term is outdated but is still in use.

In this section of juvenile diabetes signs and symptoms, we will also present those of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia since this is part of diabetes management in school. The other elements are meal plans, physical activity, administering insulin, dealing with emotional and social issues and planning for events and emergencies.

It is good for the school to know that with or without the juvenile diabetes signs and symptoms, the students with this condition have to check their blood sugar levels so they can respond quickly to changes. With the doctor's recommendation, these students should be allowed to test their blood sugar levels in school during these times:

  • Before eating meals or even snacks
  • Before any physical activity
  • When experiencing indications of low and high blood glucose levels.

Along with the juvenile diabetes signs and symptoms, there are also those of hypoglycemia which is also called low blood sugar or low blood glucose. This may be caused by any or the combination of two or more of the following:

  • Not eating enough as prescribed
  • Getting too much insulin
  • Putting off or skipping meals
  • Longer and more intense physical activity

Hypoglycemia can be dealt with easily and efficiently. If left untreated, it can lead to unconsciousness and convulsions so recognizing the warning signs and prompt treatment will prevent disaster. Here are the mild to moderate symptoms of this condition. Note that they differ for each student and episode.

  • sleepy
  • dizzy
  • shaky
  • sweaty
  • change in personality and behavior
  • unable to concentrate
  • hungry
  • pale
  • confused and disoriented
  • weak and lethargic
  • uncoordinated
  • headache
  • blurry vision
  • anxious and irritable

Severe hypoglycemia is uncommon in school because it can be prevented by early treatment when the above early signs appear. However, it is vital that those dealing with children in this condition recognize the severe symptoms:

  • Unconsciousness
  • Inability to swallow
  • Having seizure, convulsions or twitching movements
  • Unresponsiveness

How can you treat hypoglycemia? Well as soon as you observe the mild to moderate signs, give the student a quick-acting sugar food or drink. Any of the following will do:

  • 4 ounces of juice
  • 6 ounces of regular soft drink
  • 3 teaspoons of glucose gel
  • 3 or 4 glucose tablets

When the symptoms are severe, here are the things to do:

  • To prevent choking. position the student on his side.
  • Call the nurse or a trained member of the health care team right away.
  • The nurse or a member of the health care team will administer glucagon if this is indicated in the student's record.
  • Call 911 and the student's parents.

Now how about hyperglycemia? This is also called high blood glucose which does not usually lead to immediate severe problems. However, over a period of time, this can lead to complications like kidney and heart problems. What are the causes of this condition?

  • Not enough insulin
  • Illness and infection
  • Injury
  • Emotional distress and stress
  • Ingestion of food not covered by the correct amount of insulin
  • Decreased physical activity

What to look for to find out if hyperglycemia is on the horizon? Here are the symptoms:

  • Blurring vision
  • Nausea
  • Getting easily tired.
  • Urinating frequently
  • Increasing thirst

Here's what to do when you observe the signs of hyperglycemia:

  • Get the student to drink extra water or regular soft drinks.
  • Administer more insulin.
  • Check blood sugar level closely.

Here's a video that may help:

The juvenile diabetes signs and symptoms give us some concern. When your child asks for a glass of water and you yourself have the condition, doesn't it worry you a bit? You will have moments of anxiety such as this but remember not to cross the bridge until you get to it.

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