Information on Diabetes Regarding Hypertension

Information on diabetes? We sure like to have some especially about hypertension. What is hypertension anyway? It's also called high blood pressure which is the force of blood flow inside the blood vessels. It is crucial to get this under control as it increases the risk for kidney disease, heart attack, stroke and eye complications.

Why does the blood pressure go high? Well, there are many reasons. Among them that we have gathered from the information on diabetes are obesity, family history and stress, tobacco and alcohol use, and kidney disease. This last one may have been caused by diabetes. Some medications can also raise the blood pressure.

When the health care person checks the blood pressure, he records it as 130/80mmHg. He will read it this way, 130 over 80. These numbers are both significant. What does each number mean, you asked? Well, here's the explanation from the information on diabetes:

  • The first number (called systolic) is the pressure as the heart beats and moves the blood forward through the blood vessels.
  • The second number (called diastolic) is the pressure when the vessels relax between the beats of the heart.

One has a high blood pressure when the blood moves through the vessels with too much force. The information on diabetes says this makes the heart work harder. And this increases the risk for diabetes. Without treatment, high blood pressure is here to stay.

What is the proper blood pressure? The American Diabetes Association recommends a lower target for the diabetics than the rest which is 130/80 mmHg. This doesn't seem fair, does it? But wait, ADA has a very good reason for this recommendation. The information on diabetes places a high risk of kidney disease, heart attack, stroke and eye disease for the diabetics with high blood pressure.

Do you know your blood pressure? Not unless you have it checked. The recommendation according to the information on diabetes is for the blood pressure to be checked at every visit to the doctor. Drug stores have equipments where you can check your own blood pressure. They will show you how to do it. In fact, the blood pressure should be checked at least two to four times a year. Keep a record of it.

You can also check your own blood pressure. You can just check the blood pressure monitor this company recommends. The trouble is there are five or so other health aids among the two items that are about blood pressure. You can navigate through their ad by moving the arrow on the side until you get to the one about blood pressure.

How can we lower the blood pressure without drugs? The information on diabetes says changing the lifestyle can lower not only the blood pressure but also control the blood sugar levels and the blood lipid (cholesterol and triglyceride).

  • Choose a diet with fruits, vegetables, low fat foods, whole grain breads, land lean meats. Eat nuts and peanut butter.
  • Cook using low fat ways like baking, grilling, and roasting.
  • Add little or no salt or use spices and herbs instead. Read food labels to make certain foods have less than 400 mg of sodium per serving.
  • Limit alcohol consumption to one serving a day for women and 2 servings a day for men.
  • Lose weight by cutting down on calories and fat.
  • Begin exercising for a total of 30 minutes a day.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Lower the stress levels for information on diabetes says lowering the stress will decrease the blood pressure.


If the blood pressure does not go down through the aforementioned lifestyle changes, several types of medication are obtainable. Not everyone takes the same blood pressure medications, according to information on diabetes. It all depends on cost and other factors. The doctor will help you decide which ones will suit you the best.

  • ACE Inhibitors - These lower the blood pressure by keeping the blood vessels soothed. They prevent the development of a hormone that makes the blood vessels narrow. They also aid in protecting the kidney and lowering of the risk of heart attack and stroke as we learned from the information on diabetes.
  • Alpha-blocking agents - These let the blood vessels relax by blocking the stress hormone so they lower the blood pressure and cholesterol. As well, the increase in HDL or good cholesterol is duly noted.
  • ARBs - They help to lower the blood pressure by keeping the blood vessels open and relaxed. In addition, they help protect the kidneys.
  • Beta-blockers - These change the way hormones control blood pressure so that it decreases and relaxes the heart by reducing the strength of the contractions. Thus they help prevent heart attack and stroke.
  • Beta-blockers - These change the way hormones control blood pressure so that it decreases and relaxes the heart by reducing the strength of the contractions. Thus they help prevent heart attack and stroke.
  • Calcium-channel blockers - These help relax the blood vessels by limiting the calcium entering the cells.
  • Centrally Acting Agents - Acting through centers of the brain, they slow the heart rate, making the blood vessels relaxed.
  • Diuretics - Most commonly used blood pressure medication, diuretics are also known as water pills because their work is to flush excess water and salt from the body. The trouble is that it may increase the likelihood of a heart attack by discharging potassium salts needed by the heart. According to information on diabetes, this may make the heart work harder until it fails.

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