Diabetes type 2 is the most common form of diabetes. Once, people knew it as noninsulin dependent or adult onset diabetes. It occurs in the over 40 years old group of people but sometimes we see this in younger ones too. It is a chronic condition that affects the way the body metabolizes the glucose.
In this condition, the body does not produce insulin or it becomes resistant to it. The trouble is, the body needs the insulin to be able to process the glucose that it needs for energy. You see, the body breaks down the food we eat into glucose. The insulin's job is to take this glucose from the blood to the cells where it is needed.
What happens when insulin is not there to do this job? The glucose or sugar gets stuck in the blood instead of going to the cells where it is needed to provide fuel for the body to function properly. From here, you know the rest of the story. The cells become starved for energy and affects the body in more ways than one. That's what happens when the beta cells in the pancreas can't manufacture enough insulin.
This type of condition is more common in overweight or obese people. That is why this condition is on the rise because of unhealthy eating and physical inactivity. It also appears that genetics plays an important role because the condition tends to run in families. It also tends to occur more in Asian, Hispanics, Native and African Americans as well as the Pacific Islanders.
As for the symptoms, they appear to develop gradually and there is a very good reason for this. You see in diabetes type 2, the body is still able to manufacture insulin but the body has become resistant to it. Here are the most common signs and symptoms when they do appear:
Weight loss that cannot be explained
Frequent infections that are slow to heal
The diagnosis can come as a shock because you may be feeling fine while the high blood glucose is creating havoc inside. But don't be scared. Although diabetes type 2 is serious, those afflicted can live a long and productive life if they take care of themselves.
For help as to what to do after having just been diagnosed with this condition, there are centers all over the place that will help you get started. Perhaps the hospital nearest you has one. Sign up with them and they will answer the questions going through your head. They will cover these topics:
Monitoring the blood glucose level
Issues affecting the blood glucose level
Diabetes health care team
Dealing with the emotions
This condition can be prevented and reversed. It requires discipline and vigilance as to the things to do in order to survive and thrive. Before embarking on the use of medications, make sure you give lifestyle change the good old college try. We will try our best to beat this condition called diabetes type 2.
An overview of the definition of Type 2 Diabetes in video form:
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