Diabetes Information to Diagnose Diabetes

Diabetes information? There are lots of them; we have to organize them in chunks for easy access. For diagnosis, we have to start with the symptoms of diabetes. Frequent urination is one symptom but there are others. We have explained them under each type of diabetes but it bears repeating in other pages as well. It is that essential to be familiar with these symptoms especially if someone in your family has any of them.

Once you notice these symptoms, seek immediate medical help right away. How do we find out for sure if you have diabetes? Many are not aware they have diabetes, especially Type 2 diabetes. Your doctor is the only one who can diagnose it.

The trouble is our diabetes information tells us if left untreated, this condition could be fatal. So you can tell from this how important it is to seek medical help immediately. The sooner you find out for sure that you have the disease, the sooner you can start with the treatment and avoid complications later.

Now, don’t think for a moment that if you have one or more of the following symptoms that you have diabetes. Not at all. It doesn’t mean you have the condition just because you manifest one or more of the symptoms. So the only thing to do to be sure is to get the doctor to test you.

Here are the common symptoms experienced by a lot of people who have diabetes:

  • Weight loss
  • Blurry vision
  • Frequent urination , also known as polyuria
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Persistent thirst or dry mouth, also known as polydypsia
  • Numbness or tingling in feet or legs
  • Often feeling hungry, also known as polyphagia
  • Exceptionally dry skin
  • Infections in the skin or slow-to-cure wounds

Your doctor is the only one who can diagnose diabetes. Once you’re at his office, he will ask you to get a screening test. What is involved in the screening test? It requires a drop of blood that will tell the doctor that you might have diabetes. If this is so, the doctor will then do a diagnostic test that will determine for sure. He needs this diabetes information to do that.


Before the test make sure you are in good health. That is, you don’t have a cold or flu or something. Why? When you have a cold or some other illness, the reading may not give correct diabetes information. There will be a problem in getting the accurate readings.

The first test which is called the fasting plasma glucose test is simple.

  • Do not eat or drink anything after midnight. Water is fine but you should not eat or drink anything else overnight for about eight hours.
  • Go to your doctor the next morning and he will draw your blood just after 8:00 am. He will take this sample of your blood for analysis.
  • The sugar in your blood will be calculated and your doctor will then be able to establish your fasting blood sugar.

What is plasma? Well, it is the part of the blood that transports solid cells which include glucose. The test to measure fasting serum insulin is to understand Type 2 Diabetes better. If the doctor finds out that your insulin level is greater than 20 uU/ml, then you have hyperinsulinemia. This is the result of the body being resistant to insulin action.

If the reading of your fasting blood sugar is between 110 mg/dL and 125 mg/dL then you have impaired glucose tolerance or IGT. The reading of 110 mg/dL stands for milligram per deciliter. A deciliter is 1/10 of a liter while a milligram is 1/1000 of a gram. I knew those metric lessons will come in handy sometime.

Normal fasting glucose level should be less than 126 milligrams for every deciliter of blood. If the reading is higher than that, sorry folks, the doctor will have to do the test again.

It used to be that when the reading is higher than 140mg/dL, the doctor will diagnose you with diabetes. But now the American Diabetes Association has issued new guidelines for our diabetes information, indicating that anyone with the reading above 126mg/dL is considered to have the possibility of diabetes.

There will be more information on diagnosis on the other pages as this website updates the diabetes information. Meantime, please sign up for our free ezine entitled Diabetes Positive Approach. As soon as we have enough subscribers, we will publish this once a month where you will read about some encouraging news, positive experiences from others who want to share them with you and perhaps a dessert recipe good for the whole family. And you can unsubscribe anytime.

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Review Diabetes Information? See also:
Glucose Tolerance Test

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