Diabetes Disease Management to Control for Life

Diabetes disease management? Part of this is to limit the quantity of fats and sweets you eat. Fat has nine calories per gram of weight. Only 10% of this is turned into glucose. And fat is another source of energy. But before it can be used, it has to be turned into ketones first.

Believe it or not, there are five kinds of fats. Five? Can you imagine that? No wonder we eat lots of that stuff. How can you avoid them if there are five of them to stay away from? Don’t you worry. We will, for our health is our top priority for haven’t we heard of the adage “Health is wealth” along with diabetes disease management?

Cholesterol is not really a fat but it is incorporated in the list because of its similarity to fat. It has a significant relationship with fat because it is passed through the body in molecules of fat and protein. One way of getting cholesterol is from eating dairy products and animal proteins like meat. So we have to watch this if we are serious about our diabetes disease management.

You probably know there are two kinds of cholesterol: the good and the bad. The good cholesterol or HDL is carried through the body to the cells by a lipoprotein that holds more protein than fat and then carries the leftover to the liver where it is broken down. This lipoprotein is called high density lipoprotein, thus the name HDL for the good cholesterol.

Now the opposite is true with the bad cholesterol which is bad news for our diabetes disease management. It is carried to the cells by lipoprotein with more fat. Why is it called bad cholesterol? I thought you’d never ask. It’s because instead of carrying the excess cholesterol back to the liver to be broken down , it dumps the rest into the arteries. There then lies the problem and why it is called bad cholesterol.

Then there is the saturated fats that come from the animal meat we eat. Compare that with the monounsaturated fats that come from plant and seafood. When used in moderation, they can actually help with our diabetes disease management because they lower the bad cholesterol in the blood stream by increasing the HDL level.

Polyunsaturated fats are like monounsaturated fats in that they both from plant and seafood. They differ though in a way that polyunsaturated fats not only lower the LDL but they also lower the HDL. Corn oil is one example of polyunsaturated fats.

We should also pay attention to triglycerides which are another form of fat. High level of this may put us at a higher risk for heart disease and that’s a double whammy for our diabetes disease management. That is why ADA recommends that people with diabetes follow the following nutritional guidelines:

  • 1. Saturated fat should be 10% or less of the daily calorie intake.
  • 2. One should eat twenty to thirty five grams of fiber daily.
  • 3. Protein should be between ten and twenty per cent of your daily calorie intake.
  • 4. Fat should be thirty per cent or less of your daily calorie intake.
How will one be able to follow the aforementioned guidance? Simple. Make sure you check the nutritional label of food that you buy. The daily value column will be there specifying the percent of nutrients. You should select foods that are low in fats and cholesterol and high in fiber. It will also provide information on the total fat calories and the percentage of calories from fat and that can only be good for our diabetes disease management.

In other words, limit the quantity of fats and sweets you eat. They are not as nourishing as the other foods. On top of this, fats have a lot of calories. Sweets also can be high in both carbohydrate and fat. Some hold saturated fats, trans fat, and cholesterol and this fact will raise your risk for heart disease. When you limit consumption of these foods, you will lose weight and manage the blood glucose and blood fats levels.

Here examples of fats:

Butter, margarine, mayonnaise, avocado, salad dressing, oil, olives, bacon and cream cheese

And here are examples of sweets:

Cookies, doughnuts, cake, pie, ice cream and syrup


Another thing to pay attention to is the serving size. You might think something is a normal size but it may actually be double that. To be sure, learn to weigh and measure the food. The wise thing to do is eat nutritious food rather than consuming empty calories which means food with no nutritional value.

Servings of fat:

Examples of 1 serving:

  • 1 strip of bacon
  • 1 teaspoon of oil

Examples of two servings:

  • 1 tablespoon regular salad dressing
  • 2 tablespoons reduced fat salad dressing and 1 tablespoon of reduced fat mayonnaise

How about the servings of sweets?

Here are examples of 1 serving:

  • 1 3-inch cookie
  • 1 plain cake doughnut
  • 1 tablespoon maple syrup

With all these restrictions, how can you satisfy your sweet tooth? Believe me you can. I am surprised I can answer this in a positive manner. Yes, the good news is you can have sweets once in a while. You can have diet soda, sugar-free popsicles, frozen yogurt, fat-free ice cream or sugar-free hot cocoa mix. Here are some other ways:

  • 1. Order small or child-size servings of ice cream or frozen yogurt.
  • 2. Share desserts in restaurants.
  • 3. Divide homemade desserts into small serving pieces, and freezes.

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