WHAT CAUSES DIABETES & EXERCISE TO PREVENT AND TREAT TYPE 2 DIABETES
What causes diabetes helped with studies on what to do about them. The American Diabetes Association recommended in 1997 that people suffering from diabetes should include exercise for 20-45 minutes at least three times a week. The American College of Sports Medicine, however begged to disagree and recommended 30 minutes or more of reasonable physical activity every day of the week. Knowing what causes diabetes, can you blame them? Who do you side with anyway?
I am inclined to side with the sports medicine people because since exercise can make blood sugar get better for those with diabetes, why not make the treatment every day of the week? I believe that three times a week is fine to raise one’s low level of fitness but not to treat a disorder, don’t you think?
THE CASE OF A 48-YEAR OLD MAN
Let’s follow a case closely. A 48-year old successful man had been the heaviest as far as he could remember. In the last decade, he gained a total of 37 pounds. His blood pressure has been high for six years for which he receives three medications. He claims he’s too busy to exercise.
At his last annual exam, he complained of being thirsty and going to the bathroom all the time. Also, he said he felt numbness and tingling and sometimes his eyes became occasionally blurry. He thought he was just entering his middle age but his blood tests told another story. Guess what?
You guessed it right! He had Type 2 diabetes. His glucose level was 308 mg/dL. We know this is high for the normal reading is in the range of 60-110 mg/dL. Most people in this category require insulin but he needed only oral medication to stabilize his blood sugar level.
He was determined to confront this head on. He found out the diet he needed to go on and the medication to lick this disease and lower his risk of developing complications. He found out the reason behind his constant thirst and frequent bathroom trips and that his blurry vision is due to swelling of the lens and not due to retina problems. Knowing what causes diabetes helped with his decision.
The tingling and numbness of his legs were traced back to his nerve impairment called diabetic peripheral neuropathy. His cholesterol and triglyceride levels were high, no surprise there. His kidney and urinalysis function were fine.
The EKG monitoring of his exercise stress test showed normal result so he started a walking program. His doctor also advised him to take 81 mg of aspirin every day. Because of the numbness in his leg, he checked his feet closely before and after each walking exercise.
He lost 10 pounds after 8 weeks and his blood sugar dropped to 140 mg/dL and this without taking medication. However, his cholesterol level was still high so he was given medication to lower this.
Now fast forward to ten years. He has maintained a weight loss of 25 pounds. His blood pressure is under control with less medication. The tingling and numbness in his legs have dropped. So you see with diet and exercise, he is able to manage is diabetes. Problem solved! Wait, he still has to do something. He can’t get out of this that easy. That’s not real life.
While he has accomplished to realize a healthier life, he continues to have an annual eye check-up, take the 81 mg aspirin daily and low doses of cholesterol-lowering medication. Of course, it goes without saying, he has to keep on walking and to thinking of what causes diabetes so he can do more to combat the disease.
SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES
So now you know the symptoms of diabetes but this is getting confusing, is it not? So let’s make it simple and put the symptoms for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes in a table for clarity:
Early Symptoms of Diabetes
How Diabetes Occurs and How to Treat it.Watch this video and something more you have to know. It is only five minutes long. It is a well done video that may add to your know-how.
How do you find out if you have diabetes? Good question. There are a number of ways. The oral glucose tolerance test will involve drinking 75 grams of thick, sugary concoction over a period of five minutes, maximum. This is equivalent of 15 teaspoons of maple syrup.
What follows after is the testing of the blood sugar levels. If the glucose is 190 mg/dL after an hour and 140 mg/dL after two hours, voila, the diagnosis is made. This used to be the procedure of choice but is now chiefly employed to diagnose gestational diabetes.
Nowadays, blood sugar level is checked after eight hours of fasting or two hours after a meal. if the reading is 200 mg/dL after fasting and above 126 mg/dL after a meal for two separate tests, then we don’t need a brain surgeon to decode the presence of diabetes.
What can support this diagnosis is the glycosylated hemoglobin or A1C test. The hemoglobin A1C values stand for the average blood sugar levels over the past one to three months. With a raised value, the diabetes diagnosis is established, as plain and simple as that.
WHAT CAUSES DIABETES
What causes diabetes, you asked? Well, for Type 1 which normally occurs in children and young adults, the cause is mainly due to an over activity of the immune system. This destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, really a no-brainer. Without cells producing insulin leads to no insulin which in turn leads to uncontrolled blood sugar. In this instance, insulin is needed to keep sugar levels under control and to keep you living.
What causes Type 2 diabetes is related to lifestyle. If you’re not exercising, eating too much fat, overweight for twenty pounds or more and with a family history of diabetes, then your risk is high for developing Type 2 diabetes. On top of this, you must be getting older. Who isn’t? Hey, we’re all in the same boat. But we’re just not getting older; we’re getting better. For are we not trying to improve our diabetes situation by doing something about it? That’s proof positive we’re getting better. Review what causes diabetes? or Blood Sugar Monitor?
With Type 2 diabetes, the insulin is still there, sometimes it’s even higher than average. The trouble is the insulin is not very effective. Why? Because the body is resisting the insulin’s job to lower the sugar level, that’s why. What is one to do? Know what causes diabetes then go to simple solution: diet, medication and exercise.
Let’s find out how insulin does its job and if it is doing a good one and how we can help to make it happen. We know that insulin is the hormone that controls the sugar entry from the bloodstream into our cells. The insulin output from the pancreas is stimulated when the blood sugar rises. Knowing what causes diabetes will help us understand this more.
When we eat, blood sugar rises but the body refuses to go along with the insulin’s job to control the blood sugar so let’s not blame the insulin for not doing its job. Let us just diet, medicate and exercise so our blood sugar levels don’t get too high (hyperglycemia) or too low (hypoglycemia). So sit tight for hopefully now that we know what causes diabetes, we will know the course of action to take.