Nutrition and diabetes are aspects that the school should consider to ensure that students with the condition are educated in a safe environment. Also, these students should have the same opportunities as their peers. With a little training this is indeed possible.
Meals for the diabetic child should not really be any different from those who do not have diabetes. Both should include a selection of foods to sustain growth. Here are the fundamentals to consider when dealing with nutrition and diabetes:
The meals should include a variety of foods that meet the needs for a balance of carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins and minerals.
Recommendations for meals when considering nutrition and diabetes should be made by professionals who are held in high esteem.
The meals should fit the lifestyle so the diabetics can follow them.
The diet should include forbidden foods, believe it or not so one can feel satisfied. Of course, the focus is on controlling portion.
Nutrition and diabetes should include a recommendation for physical activity.
The meal plans should include proper monitoring of both the eating habits and physical activity.
One can tell by now that the difference in the meal plans involving nutrition and diabetes is in the amount, scheduling and food content. What the students with this condition eat are thoroughly watched to correspond with the action of the insulin.
You see, the meal plan of the student is intended to balance the nutritional requirements with the insulin therapy and physical activity. The family or the health care team can design an individualized meal plan. Remember that plans for nutrition and diabetes do not mean there are such things as forbidden foods.
The meal plan can be based on either carbohydrate counting or an exchange diet. Carbohydrate counting entails counting the number of grams the student eats. The food labels have this information. This will help in finding out the amount of insulin needed to manage the blood sugar for each meal.
There are six different list groups, each one with a nutritional value. The meal plan is designed so there can be exchanges or servings from each group for each meal. There is a wide selection of food to choose from but with nutrition and diabetes, the portion and food value are a consideration.
Here are the six food groups in the exchange list:
Keep up with the timing and food content for each meal. The student has to eat at the same time every day. The student needs to eat snack to balance the peak times of the action of insulin. Otherwise, if this is missed, then the student may have hypoglycemia.
For hypoglycemia, the student should have instant access to a rapid-acting type of glucose like juice, glucose tablet or regular soft drinks in order to treat the condition. So the schedule of meals should allow for an alternative plan to cope with unexpected situation.
Here some healthy snack selections for people considering both nutrition and diabetes:
Healthy Snack Selections
3/4 cup berries
1/2 cup nonfat yogurt
1 small fruit
1/2 cup sugar-free pudding, skimmed milk
1/2 cup mixed fruit with cinnamon
1/4 cup cottage cheese, 4 crackers
1 medium fruit
1/2 cup nonfat yogurt, 1/2 cup fruit
1 cup melon
1 cup nonfat yogurt
1/2 cup applesauce with nutmeg
1 cup broth-based soup
1 ounce pretzels
1 slice cinnamon toast, nonfat butter
3 cups air-popped popcorn
2 rice cakes, 2 teaspoons fruit spread
1 cup baked tortilla chips
30 Goldfish crackers
2 breadsticks, 5 inches long
20 oyster crackers
8 saltine crackers
Isn’t that quite a selection of snacks? With that list, nutrition and diabetes will not bother me at all. And all the above food are good for everyone. It proves that diabetic diets are nutritious and therefore recommended for all. If we had one of the above at snack time instead of a bag of chips, we’ll all be healthy.
Researchers from the University of Granada's Department of Pediatrics' will investigate the connection between what the children eat and the development of diabetes, cardiovascular problems, allergies, obesity, weak bones and behavioral and neuromotor functioning. The study will collaborate with 16 orher countries.
The study aims to aid in the formation of policies and guidelines and recommendations to improve the children's nutrition. The project called EARNEST (The Early Nutrition Programming Project) also plans to help prevent the negative influence of nutrition on metabolism.
They will study the effect of nutrition during three stages (prenatal, postnatal, infancy) on the health and growth and how the treatment to prevent the negative effects on the metabolism. It will also study the nutritional interventions and clinical tests, the economic and social studies linked to nutrition and their effects on the development of diseases later.
This study also hopes to find whether breastfeeding can prevent risk of obesity since it is known that the growth kinetics of children who are breastfed are different from those who are fed commercially. This has been linked to eating habits.
This is a video of an 11 year old girl who has type 1 diabetes. It is only four minutes long but it will touch your heart like it did mine.
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