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Facts on Diabetes to Keep Teeth and Gums Healthy

Facts on diabetes? There are oodles of them, but here are things you may not have heard. Diabetics are more prone to gum disease or periodontal disease than their non-diabetic cousins. High blood glucose levels help the bacteria grow. What has this got to do with teeth and gums?

Confusing, huh? But really it's not. While diabetes does not lead to cavities and problems with teeth and gums can happen to anyone, unstable blood glucose levels make it hard for diabetics to fight infection. When plaque builds up in the teeth, the gums could get swollen, red and painful. And the facts on diabetes tell us the gums may even bleed when brushing the teeth.

If blood sugar is left at high level, periodontal disease can develop. This in turn can lead to gum loss which eventually results in the loss of teeth. Do you see now how high blood sugar makes the problems with teeth and gums worse? It's one of the facts on diabetes we have to learn and absorb.

Smoking makes this problem worse. For one thing it raises one's risk of periodontal disease. And with this leading to the loss of teeth, it's a no-brainer that chewing the food will be difficult. This will of course put a damper on good nutrition, one of the facts on diabetes.

And here's what makes it more complicated. One of the facts on diabetes show that teeth lost due to periodontal disease cannot be replaced because of gum damage. You see when the gums are damaged, dentures will not fit correctly. So what will happen next? You guess it right, proper nutrition is in jeopardy.

What are the warning signs of periodontal disease? One of the facts on diabetes we will learn is that sore, red and gums that bleed are the first signs of this gum disease. This disease is really an infection in the gum and bone that keeps the teeth in place. If left unattended, the gums draws away from the teeth, making the teeth appear long.

Here's more facts on diabetes for you. How can you tell if there's damage to the teeth and gums? If there is or more of the following problems, then there may be tooth and gum damage from diabetes. Call your dentist. Meantime, here are the clues to check if there's damage to the teeth and gums:

  • Gums that are bleeding
  • Red, swollen and painful gums
  • Teeth are wobbly and sensitive
  • Gums are drawing away from the teeth, making them appear long.
  • Bad breath
  • False teeth don't fit well
  • Bite that seems unusual



It is crucial to maintain good dental healthful ways at home by brushing and flossing the teeth every day. Also, one of the facts on diabetes is to make it a point to have dental check ups at least twice a year. Here's a complete list on how to keep the teeth and gums healthy:

  • Brush the teeth not only after each meal but after each snack with the use of a soft toothbrush. With the bristles alongside the gum line, brush the front, back and top of each tooth gently with small, circular actions.
  • Brush the teeth not only after each meal but after each snack with the use of a soft toothbrush. With the bristles alongside the gum line, brush the front, back and top of each tooth gently with small, circular actions.
  • Brush the teeth not only after each meal but after each snack with the use of a soft toothbrush. With the bristles alongside the gum line, brush the front, back and top of each tooth gently with small, circular actions.
  • Floss at least once a day for this prevents the plaque from growing on the teeth. When not attended to, plaque will get hard and grow in the gums. How do you floss? With a sawing motion, put the floss between the teeth and rub from bottom to top a few times.
  • Keep dentures clean.
  • One of the facts of diabetes is to maintain the blood sugar level at or as close to the target as possible.
  • Immediately call the dentist if experiencing any problems with teeth and gum.
  • Ask the dental hygienist who cleans your teeth to show you the best way to brush and floss. At this point, you might as well ask the best toothpaste and brush to use.
  • As mentioned before, get your teeth and gums cleaned twice a year.
  • When the dentist informs you of the problem, ask him how to deal with it and then take action.
  • It is important to inform the dentist that you have diabetes.
  • Since smoking exacerbates the tooth and gum problems, find ways to quit the habit.
  • See the dentist whenever there's swelling, bleeding, redness, gums drawing away from teeth, and soreness from teeth or dentures.



Now let's check how the dentist can take care of your teeth and gums. Let me count the ways:

  • Examining and cleaning your teeth twice a year
  • Showing the best way to brush and floss the teeth
  • Informing you of any problems and recommendations on what to do
  • Making certain the dentures fit well.
  • Now let's go back to the facts on diabetes that relate to the teeth and gums. You have to plan ahead before the visit to the doctor and dentist. You need to take care of your blood sugar when your dentist works on your teeth. You may need to bring diabetes medicine and food with you.

You may not be able to eat after the dental work so get your doctor to tell you some facts on diabetes that will guide you while you heal from the dental work like as follows:

  • How to change the diabetes medicines to conform with the change brought about by the dental work
  • What foods and drinks you need while your mouth is healing
  • How often to check the blood glucose level during this period


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